The standards that govern motorcycle helmets

The French complain about the many regulations that are incumbent upon them when they want to ride on the handlebars. And yet, and contrary to what one might think, the standards dedicated to road safety are not so bloated, especially concerning the main protective device of the biker: the motorcycle helmet!

the ECE 22-04 and 22-05 standard

The helmet of a French rider must meet the European standard (even for a Bluetooth Motorcycle Helmet), whether he owns a Harley Davidson, a Moto gp, a Roadster or a Touring. The main ones are in particular the ECE 22-04 and ECE 22-05 standards. Therefore, any motorcycle helmet used within the EU (European Union), including France, must be approved and bear these certificates.

In order to benefit from these standards, the motorcycle helmet has undergone numerous checks and tests based on a multitude of criteria, to mention only the viewing angle, the ventilation system, shock absorption, field of view. vision, impact deformation, aerodynamics, quality of visor or abrasion resistance.

Regarding NF S 72.305 for motorcycle equipment, it has not been used since 2002 although it is still valid.

How to recognize an approved helmet?

Identifying a motorcycle helmet that meets European and French standards is relatively simple. You just need to check if the chin strap is sewn with a white or green label indicating ECE approval.

Generally, the numbers 22-04 and 22-05 are followed by a letter indicating the level of certification of the helmet. In particular, there are several:

The P statement: Applied to full face helmets, this standard indicates that the chin bar has passed the stress tests. Otherwise, the helmet is provided with an NP label which means "non-protective".

The J statement: this standard relates to the jet helmet.

Standards specific to France

In addition to these standards cited above, France has also introduced an additional constraint. In fact, in France, 4 retro reflective stickers must be affixed to rider helmets, whether they are full face helmets, helmet cross design or jet helmets. According to French law, specialist sellers are required to provide and apply them.

Nota Bene :

The biker can risk a fine of 135 € and lose 3 points on his motorcycle license if his motorcycle helmet does not have these reflective strips.

  • Failure to wear a helmet or wearing it without a tie can lead to more severe fines ranging from € 100 to € 375, as well as the withdrawal of 3 points on his motorcycle license.

You will understand, the obligations that govern motorcycle helmets are not as manifold as you might think. With these indications, there is no doubt that everyone will be able to choose their motorcycle helmet with expertise. All you have to do is choose the model that best meets your needs while considering safety standards!