How to design a wine cellar?

Wine keeps best in a cellar, but it is not always easy to know how to go about making one. What are the rules to follow to build a wine cellar? Find out instead.

To keep your bottles of wine in the best possible condition, you necessarily need a Wine cellar. Indeed, it is the best place to keep your wines safe, and to protect them from external factors that can degrade them. In practical terms, the wine cellar must meet many criteria and have certain characteristics that will allow it to play its role. Among other things, it must be at the right temperature and have an optimal humidity level.

How then should you build your wine cellar?

What the experts say

If a wine cellar is designed to store bottles, it is very important to determine at the outset how much it can hold. In a more practical way, it comes down to determining the space you need to have to store wines in your home. The temperature must be constant and the humidity optimal. It is only after that, that you will be able to:

  • determine how much wine you will consume on a regular basis
  • evaluate the quota of wines for aging

If you start your cellar with a base of 150 bottles, and even with a simple and functional 50-bottle wine cellar, it's a good start. You will then have to make some concessions to the choices, but a threshold of 300 bottles will require more investment. Then, you will have to choose your wines, and the distribution to be made between the different appellations. You should still know that this choice depends on your tastes, but also on the budget you have. Before you start, think about all the pairings, dishes and wines that you will be able to achieve, because the richness of your cellar is at stake.

The wine cellar in practice

In a much more practical way, you will realize your wine cellar by setting up:

  • effective concealment: absolute black is the friend of wine, because it allows good conservation. Thus, your cellar must be protected from light, drafts and vibrations.
  • Good ventilation: too much humidity risks the growth of fungi and molds. In addition, it may destroy the taste of your wines, and good ventilation is essential.
  • The necessary freshness: when it comes to wine, the optimum temperature is between 12 and 13 °. Depending on certain categories of wines that you will have in your cellar, it can be between 8 and 18 °. You will then need to be careful to keep hot water pipes away or too close to old boilers, which could raise the temperature of the ambient air.
  • High humidity: the exterior walls of your cellar must be sufficiently airtight, so as not to cause excessive variations due to bad weather or the degree of humidity of the exterior soil.

Ultimately, here are some measures that you will have to respect to make yourself a wine cellar. They are very important in the conservation of your wines, but also to allow you to have a quality wine cellar.